Should Universities ‘Go Vegan’ to Help Tackle Climate Change? | Top Universities-菠菜新平台

Should Universities ‘Go Vegan’ to Help Tackle Climate Change?

By 克洛伊莱恩

Updated September 16, 2019 Updated September 16, 2019

University of Cambridge announced last week 该公司决定从14家门店和1家门店下架牛肉和羊肉,自2016年以来,500场年度活动已经将该校与食品相关的碳排放减少了三分之一.

This follows the news last month that 金斯密斯学院, University of London 是否也做出决定,将大学内出售的所有牛肉产品全部下架, due to the large quantity of methane that cows produce, contributing to carbon emissions.

Elsewhere in London, the University of Westminster 通过提供“兼职食肉忠诚卡”,鼓励学生转向无肉选择,学生每购买一顿素食就可以免费获得一顿. 的 University of East Anglia, Ulster University, and some colleges at the University of Oxford also all participate in meat-free Mondays.

然而, 值得问一个问题:纯素食主义真的是大学应对气候变化的最有效方式吗?

Universities’ reasons for their switch to veganism

素食的人

的 switch to veganism is becoming somewhat of a growing trend, promoted heavily by the media as a way to tackle climate change. Given the media attention, 所以英国的大学和学生社团也决定加入素食主义的行列就不足为奇了.

It’s a worthwhile cause too. 根据最近的一份联合国气候变化报告 article for the Guardian“动物制品造成的损害比(生产)沙子或水泥等建筑矿物更大, plastics or metals. 生物燃料和用于动物的农作物和燃烧化石燃料一样具有破坏性.”

然而, 学生们是否会积极回应,这是否是大学“尽自己的一份力”的最有效方式,还有待观察.

Limiting students’ choice

一些农民认为,向纯素食主义的转变是一种有限的选择,也是解决气候变化问题的一种不必要的方式. 当被问及她对剑桥大学这一决定的看法时, Rachel Carrington from National Farming Union NFU in the UK told the BBC “令人失望的是大学采取了这种过于简单的方法”.

Supporting this, the UK’s NFU released a report 本月承认农业对碳排放的贡献,并解释他们计划如何在2040年前实现温室气体净零排放.

“We can deliver on our commitment to NET ZERO while retaining, if not growing, our agricultural capacity,“这说. This will reportedly happen in several ways, including improving farming’s productive efficiency, improving land management, changing land use to capture more carbon, and by boosting renewable energy 和 wider bioeconomy.

鉴于这些变化,英国大学对英国农民置之不理有意义吗? 学生们也可能对有限的食物选择感到不满, 尤其是考虑到上大学的费用.

What else can universities do to help combat climate change?

Plastic bottle pick up

If veganism isn’t the answer, then what is? You can find out more about 世界各地的大学都在做什么来应对气候变化  这里有一些英国大学选择的替代方法来减少他们的碳排放.

Cutting down on plastic waste

菠菜网最稳定正规平台目前使用的塑料中,超过50%仍然是一次性使用的, despite many retailers putting measures in to reduce this. 塑料需要数百年甚至数千年才能分解, resulting in long-lasting damage to the environment.

It also contains toxic pollutants that damage the environment, causing pollution to the water, air and land.

In 2018, the University of Reading 用可生物降解的纸质替代品取代塑料吸管,减少塑料垃圾,并鼓励使用可再生水瓶 Sustain It initiative.

Investing in energy efficient buildings

低效建筑的能源浪费会对气候排放造成很大影响. Old buildings, 典型的是英国各地大学里20世纪60年代的建筑, can often have poor insulation, old outdated heating, poor ventilation and inefficient lighting. All of these release excess wasted energy.

Among other things, the University of Bath 努力使他们的建筑更节能以减少他们的碳排放吗. According to their 2019 sustainability report they have recently installed 2,为了监测能源使用情况,他们还投资了一种以天然气为动力的高效能源生产方式,使废热能够在现场“回收”.

金斯密斯学院, 伦敦大学也在其大学建筑周围安装太阳能电池板, 除了削减牛肉和对塑料水瓶征收10便士的税之外.

Educating students

Many UK universities including Newcastle University, 伦敦大学学院, University of SussexUniversity of York 现在有提供关于气候变化的课程或模块吗, 让学生有机会详细了解气候变化背后的科学基础,以及它对社会的影响和可能的解决方案.

Encouraging public transport

交通运输占欧洲温室气体排放量的四分之一,是城市空气污染的主要原因. 希望减少碳足迹的大学应该经常投资, 可靠和负担得起的公共交通,减少汽车和出租车的使用.

的 carbon output of academic staff should also be considered, 尤其是当副校长和高级教职员将前往世界各地参加学术会议,并试图从其他国家招收富有的国际学生时.

What is the answer?

Climate change: what is he answer?

的re is no one answer to climate change, 重要的是要记住,大学能做的只有这么多.

然而, 重要的是,他们仍然试图做出重大改变, 并通过教育学生有关气候变化的知识,成为改变的主要催化剂.

通过做以上的事情,通过研究气候变化的原因和影响,以教育和告知, universities can have a monumental impact on saving our planet.

This article was originally published in September 2019 .

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写的

As Content Editor for TopUniversities.com and TopMBA.com, Chloe为世界各地的大学和商学院创建并发布了一系列文章. 克洛伊拥有雷丁大学的经济学学士学位,在莱斯特郡长大, UK. 

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